The scope or subject-matter of rural sociology is basically the study of rural society with all its complexities. According to Lawry and Nelson, 'The subject-matter of rural sociology is the description and analysis of the progress of various groups as they exist in the rural environment.'
The main tasks of rural sociology can be mentioned here. They are as follows,
1. Rural Community and Rural Problems.
This includes the characteristics and nature of rural community and its problems.
2. Rural Social Life.
This includes various aspects of the rural people.
3. Rural Social Organization.
This includes the study of various rural social organizations and institutions including family and marriage.
4. Rural Social Institutions and Structure.
This includes the study of dogmas, customs, traditions, morals, conventions, practices and various political, economic, religious and cultural institutions
5. Rural Planning and Reconstruction.
Rural sociology has great practical applications. Hence rural planning and reconstruction are also the main tasks of rural sociology to be be dealt with.
6. Social Change and Social Control in Rural Social Setup: It is here we study the impact of city on rural life. The mechanisms of social control of the rural society are also examined here.
7. Religion and Culture in Rural Society.
Religion plays an important role in the rural set up. Culture of rural society exhibits striking peculiarities. These come within the domain of rural sociology.
8. Rural Social Processes.
Different social processes such as cooperation, competition, integration, differentiation, isolation etc., that take place in rural society are also studied in rural sociology.
9. Differences between Urban and Rural Society.
The study of rural society includes the differences between urban and rural society also.